The Maritime History Podcast

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August 2016
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Syndication

This week we follow the fleeing Elissa, princess of Tyre, to Qart-ḥadašt, the "New City" that would come into wider fame as Carthage. We start with some talk of the mythical founding of Carthage, some conjecture about when the city was really founded, and an overview of the city's early growth. Then, we look at two Phoenician shipwrecks discovered over 33 nautical miles off Asheklon, Israel. The Tanit and Elissa are two of the oldest Phoenician shipwrecks discovered to date, and then can tell us a fair amount about Phoenician shipping practices, also about their religious practices in relation to maritime travel. Another long episode with the Phoenicians it is!

Show Notes: http://maritimehistorypodcast.com/ep-025-carthage-new-city-hope

Direct download: 025_-_Carthage_-_A_New_City-Hope.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 5:50pm CDT

This week we follow the Phoenicians to the western extremity of their trade network and colonization. While it is difficult to paint a chronological picture of when each colony was established, the city of Cadiz, or Gadir, quickly became the hub of western trade. Ancient historians confirm that the rich source of silver in Andalusia was the main attraction for Tyrian merchants, and the wealth that eventually began to flow back east from Tartessos had an influence on Assyria's relationship with Phoenicia. We also discuss a few depictions of Phoenician warships, an evacuation of Tyre, and the role of religion in controlling colonial government and trade, so today's episode is a long one!

Direct download: 024_-_Go_West_O_Tyre_Go_West.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 10:56pm CDT

The Phoenicians are now on the move, pushing the scope of our podcast to the west. While they were mainly concerned with expanding their access to natural resources like copper, iron, and silver, they weren't entering a vacuum. The Nuragic people of Sardinia were active in a regional trade centered on the Tyrrhenian Sea, and soon after the Phoenicians reconnected the Euboeans with the Mediterranean trade networks, both of them had set up colonies on Sardinia and in western Italy. We look at archaeological evidence for all the activity there, but in the end, this episode is a stepping stone to the Phoenician presence in the far west of the Mediterranean, just as Sardinia was for the Iron Age mariners.

Show Notes - http://maritimehistorypodcast.com/ep-023-setting-shop-central-med

History of Exploration Podcast - https://historyofexploration.net & on iTunes - https://itunes.apple.com/au/podcast/the-history-of-exploration/id1092666716?mt=2

Direct download: 023_-_Setting_Up_Shop_in_the_Central_Med.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 9:48pm CDT

The Phoenicians have finally arrived on the historical stage, at least as our humble podcast is concerned. In today's episode, we look at their place in the post-Bronze Age world, along with the rise of the island city of Tyre. The Phoenicians would create a widespread maritime network, leading to their recognition as the preeminent ancient maritime navigators and sailors. This all fell into place after King Hiram I helped Tyre rise to power through an alliance with Israel, after which they founded the first Phoenician colony at Kition on the island of Cyprus. Join us for the first focused look at the Phoenicians.

Show Notes - http://maritimehistorypodcast.com/ep-022-rise-phoenicians

Direct download: 022_-_Rise_of_the_Phoenicians.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 10:57pm CDT

This supplemental episode is a reading of the Report of Wenamun, also called the Misadventures of Wenamun.

Direct download: Wenamun_Supp.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 10:52am CDT

Today's episode is a transition, of sorts. As Season 1 concluded, the Sea Peoples had attempted an invasion of Egypt and the Late Bronze Age Collapse had wreaked havoc on many cultures of the ancient world. Now, we look at how things had settled over the 100 years that followed 1177 BCE. We look at the "Balkanization" of the areas that had once been controlled by powerful empires. In looking at this change, the journey of an Egyptian priest named Wenamun serves as the perfect picture of just how the world had changed by 1050 BCE, and how that change operated to open the door for a new trading power to rise.

Show Notes - http://maritimehistorypodcast.com/ep-021-wenamuns-journey-early-iron-age-balkanization

Direct download: 021_-_Wenamuns_Journey__Early_Iron_Age_22Balkanization22.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 10:44am CDT

This episode is a recapitulation of the 20 episodes that make up Season 1. The season as a whole examined the high points of maritime history during the Bronze Age, with a specific focus on Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and the Aegean/Eastern Mediterranean. Hopefully this recap can serve as a good summary as we now look to Season 2 and maritime history during the Early Iron Age.

Direct download: Season_1_Recap.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 10:25pm CDT

This 'interlude' episode sits in the gap between Seasons 1 and 2 of the podcast. While Season 1 began with ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, and the Mediterranean, we didn't really go back further than written history allows. Today we'll take a whirlwind look at the basic types of boats and watercraft that were probably used by prehistoric man in different parts of the globe. From the dugout canoe to the bundle raft, hide boat, and bark canoe, these were the boats that allowed man to occupy the furthest reaches of the globe long before European explorers 'discovered' those islands in the scientific sense.

Show Notes - http://maritimehistorypodcast.com/interlude-boats-of-prehistory

Direct download: Interlude_-_Boats_of_Prehistory.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 1:04pm CDT

Today we wrap up our look at the Late Bronze Age Collapse. We focus heavily on Egypt's naval clash with the Sea Peoples in 1177 BCE. Our main sources are the inscriptions and relief at the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu. The relief in particular is very enlightening, revealing for the first time the use of a new sail type by both the Sea Peoples and the Egyptians. We talk about this technological development and finish up by looking a bit at where the Sea Peoples ended up and how the stage was set for the dawn of the Iron Age.

Show Notes - http://maritimehistorypodcast.com/ep-020-the-sea-peoples-sail-south-vol-ii

 

Direct download: 020_-_The_Sea_Peoples_Sail_South_-_Vol._II.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 1:30pm CDT

This episode will conclude with the city of Ugarit in flames. Before we get there, we'll look at two Hittite invasions of Cyprus using borrowed ships, Egypt's first battle with the Sea Peoples, and the practice of using human hands as accounting units. After that, we'll delve into the causes of the Late Bronze Age Collapse: earthquake, climate change, drought, famine, and invasion. With each of these causes we'll look at the evidence as it comes. Finally, we have recovered letters from many cities like Ugarit, cities that were ultimately destroyed. These letters open a window on to the actions and fears of kings and merchants as the Bronze Age World collapsed underneath them. Heady stuff!

Show Notes - http://maritimehistorypodcast.com/ep-019-ugarit-in-flames

Virginia History Podcast - http://vahistorypodcast.com

Direct download: 019_-_Ugarit_in_Flames.mp3
Category:history -- posted at: 9:58pm CDT